Thyriod – 3 things you need to know

The thyroid is an endocrine gland located in the lower half of the neck and consists of two interconnected lobes (it has the shape of a butterfly). It secretes the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) into the blood (1).

 

1. What is the role of the thyroid gland?

 

Every cell of our body and the function of all our organs depend on the thyroid gland. If its hormones do not function at an optimal level, the rest of the body cannot function as it should (2).

Without thyroid hormones, normal development and work of the central nervous system, normal work of the heart, intestines, bone development, etc. would be impossible. The thyroid gland controls our body’s metabolism with its hormones, and when the level of these hormones becomes higher or lower than optimal, various disturbances begin. difficulty (2).

 

 

2. What health conditions occur

because of thyroid problems?

 

One of the possible consequences of thyroid problems isgoiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland) which occurs due to iodine deficiency in the body (3). The number of such problems has been reduced since mandatory iodization of table salt was introduced at the national level in 1953.

Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs as a result ofreduced production and action of thyroid hormones (4). It is most often caused by chronic autoimmune inflammation of the thyroid gland, and can also occur as a consequence of the treatment of hyperthyroidism, and due to iodine deficiency or disorders of the pituitary and hypothalamus (4). Symptoms of this condition are weight gain, drowsiness, lethargy, edema, heart disorders, menstrual disorders, sterility, etc.

Hyperthyroidism is especially common in women and is a condition of increased production of thyroid hormones with various disorders (irritability, fatigue, hair loss, frequent urination and stool, menstrual disorders, decreased libido, changes in the eyes, etc.). It is most commonly caused by autoimmune thyroid disease (Basedow’s or Graves ’disease) (4).

In addition to these conditions, there may be diseases of thyroid autonomy, thyroid inflammation (acute and subacute), lymphocytic thyroiditis, thyroid tumors, non-thyroid diseases, etc.

 

 

3. How to treat thyroid disease?

 

In hypothyroidism, it is necessary to replace hormones that are not secreted enough. Today, there are synthetic hormones that are taken in pill form, usually have to be taken throughout life, and give good results if person follows the instructions (4).
With hyperthyroidism, it is necessary tocurb’ hormonesthat are secreted excessively. This condition is usually treated with thyrostatics and beta-blockers, and if this does not work, person is subjected to surgery or radioactive iodine therapy (4).

Thyroid diseases in the past were most often caused by iodine deficiency. But today, when iodine is no longer a problem, the number of people suffering from thyroid dysfunction is growing. This is thought to be most commonly caused by some type of autoimmune thyroid disease. Autoimmune diseases have generally been on the rise in recent decades and classical medicine simply has no right solution for them (5).

 

They are thought to be the main drivers of autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune thyroid disease, poor diet, and chronic stress. We are surrounded by harmful radiation, the food we eat is full of preservatives, additives, and other harmful ingredients, air and water pollution are increasing. (6). (6).

It is clear that it was with the development of this lifestyle that various autoimmune diseases began to develop in an increasing number of people. Therefore, if we want to treat them properly, whether it is a thyroid disease or someone else’s, it is necessary to start from the cause and change the overall lifestyle as much as possible. It is primarily important to focus on a healthy diet, exercise, and avoiding stress.

 

 

 

  1. https://poliklinika-mazalin.hr/blog/sve-sto-trebate-znati-o-stitnjaci/
  2. https://www.vasezdravlje.com/stitna-zlijezda-nas-stit-na-tjelesnoj-i-duhovnoj-razini
  3. http://ordinacija.vecernji.hr/baza-bolesti/bolest/gusavost-povecana-stitnjaca/
  4. https://www.plivazdravlje.hr/aktualno/clanak/26485/Hipotireoza.html
  5. https://www.krenizdravo.hr/zdravlje/bolesti-zdravlje/autoimune-bolesti-13-najcescih-autoimunih-bolesti-za-koje-biste-trebali-znati
  6. https://www.plivazdravlje.hr/vijesti/clanak/31330/Veza-stresa-i-autoimunih-bolesti.html

Pretplati se na newsletter

You have successfully subscribed