Candida Albicans


Candida albicans grows in the intestinal flora in a number of colonies and is present in each of us. It can be found in the mouth, digestive, urinary and genital tracts, and on the skin (1). A healthy organism keeps Candida levels under control because good bacteria control the number of fungi and participate in their elimination (1). Candida multiplies when the immune system is impaired, due to disturbed intestinal flora, poor eating habits (too much sugar, wheat, yeast, fermented and processed foods), stress, excessive use of antibiotics, and contraceptives (2). All this leads to candidiasis, Candida infection, and causes serious health problems.

Using its roots, Candida attaches to the intestinal wall, and if its growth is not stopped, it drills the intestinal wall creating tiny holes in it. The holes allow incompletely digested proteins, toxins, and Candida to enter the circulation and spread throughout the body. This is called systemic candidiasis and has bad effects on the immune system (1). The most severe form of Candida infection is Candida – septicemia which means blood poisoning and infection of all organs. It affects people suffering from life-threatening disorders (1).

Women are more susceptible to developing Candida infection due to the anatomy of the female body. The infection often affects babies who can be infected through breast milk as well as children due to increased sugar intake.

What Favours the Development of Candida?


A modern and fast-paced lifestyle has disrupted eating habits, and the main culprit is the ever-present sugar found in sweets but also in ready-processed foods and beverages. Other culprits are carbohydrates (especially if they contain yeast) and stimulants (coffee, tea, or alcohol) that lead to the release of adrenaline that mobilizes sugar from the bloodstream.

Frequent and long-term use of antibiotic therapy leads to the development of Candida infection. Antibiotics destroy good bacteria and allow the spread of Candida. Antibiotics are also often found in the food we eat (7). Simulators of fungal development are some other drugs such as corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy.
Candida has estrogen and progesterone receptors and that is why it is most commonly found among women. Women are more susceptible to Candida infection during the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy (a period when progesterone levels are elevated) (3). Hormone replacement therapy during menopause also favors the development of Candida.
Stress, especially if prolonged, depletes the immune system. The response to stress in the body is that the normal secretion of the digestive system becomes more acidic which threatens the good bacteria (8).
Exposure to mercury and lead and frequent consumption of chlorinated water can contribute to Candida growth. Candida reacts to mercury in amalgam fillings on teeth creating a methylated form of mercury in the gut. The presence of mercury makes it difficult to destroy Candida (9).
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Allergies
  • Digestive problems
  • Frequent inflammation of the bladder
  • Inability to lose weight
  • Anxiety
  • Cough
  • Acne
  • Hyperactivity in children
  • Eczema and skin rashes
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    Looking into Candida albicans infection, host response, and antifungal strategies, 2015, Yan Wang 1
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    Candidiasis (oropharyngeal), 2009, Caroline L Pankhurst 1
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  • Candida albicans, plasticity and pathogenesis, 2015, Daniel Poulain 1
  • Risk factors for fluconazole-resistant invasive candidiasis in intensive care unit patients: An analysis from the China Survey of Candidiasis study, 2015, Xuelian Liao 1, Haibo Qiu 2, Ruoyu Li 3, Fengmei Guo 2, Wei Liu 3, Mei Kang 4, Yan Kang 5, China-SCAN Team
  • The influence of antibiotics on the growth of Candida albicans in the vagina: an experiment with vaginal fluid, 1985, M P Bisschop, J M Merkus, J Van Cutsem
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  • Antibiotic Residues in Food: Extraction, Analysis, and Human Health Concerns, 2019, Jun Chen 1 2, Guang-Guo Ying 2, Wen-Jing Deng 1
    Antibiotic residues in poultry tissues and eggs: human health concerns?, 2003, Dan J Donoghue 1
    New methodologies in screening of antibiotic residues in animal-derived foods: Biosensors, 2017, Ting Chen 1, Guyue Cheng 2, Saeed Ahmed 1, Yulian Wang 1, Xu Wang 2, Haihong Hao 3, Zonghui Yuan 4
    Importance of antibiotic residues in animal food, 2019, Merve Bacanlı 1, Nurşen Başaran 2
  • A review of dental implants and infection, 2009, A D Pye 1, D E A Lockhart, M P Dawson, C A Murray, A J Smith
    Evaluation of Candida Albicans biofilm formation on various parts of implant material surfaces, 2018, C Gökmenoglu 1, N B Kara 2, M Beldüz 3, A Kamburoğlu 4, I Tosun 4, E Sadik 5, C Kara 1
    Microbiologic diagnostics at titanium implants, 2003, Asa Leonhardt 1, Christina Bergström, Ulf Lekholm
    Microbial findings at failing implants, 1999, A Leonhardt 1, S Renvert, G Dahlén
  • Silymarin, a Popular Dietary Supplement Shows Anti- Candida Activity, 2019, Monika Janeczko 1, Elżbieta Kochanowicz 2
    The influence of diet on gastrointestinal Candida spp. colonization and the susceptibility of Candida spp. to antifungal drugs, 2019, Małgorzata Jeziorek 1, Magdalena Frej-Mądrzak 2, Irena Choroszy-Król 2
    Manipulation of Host Diet To Reduce Gastrointestinal Colonization by the Opportunistic Pathogen Candida albicans, 2015, Kearney T W Gunsalus 1, Stephanie N Tornberg-Belanger 2, Nirupa R Matthan 3, Alice H Lichtenstein 3, Carol A Kumamoto 2
    The dietary modification and treatment of intestinal Candida overgrowth – a pilot study, 2018, S Otašević 1, S Momčilović 2, M Petrović 3, O Radulović 4, N M Stojanović 3, V Arsić-Arsenijević 5
    Correlation of Blood Glucose Levels, Salivary Glucose Levels and Oral Colony Forming Units of Candida albicans in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients, 2019, Nitu Mishra 1, Aparna Trivedi 2, Sajda K Gajdhar 3, Harshad Bhagwat 4, Gaurav K Khutwad 4, Prashant E Mall 4, Dinraj Kulkarni 4

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